Sports betting is widely banned in India. In our country, the huge fan base of the Indian Premier League is not hidden, and many people like to bet on IPL matches, which is prohibited. However, in some states in northeast India, sports betting is considered purely legal. India`s cyber laws legislation, i.e. the Information Technology Act 2000, contains no provisions on sports betting, and only a few states, such as Sikkim, Meghalaya and Nagaland, have laws allowing sports betting. These are explained in more detail. Gambling in India varies from state to state, as Indian states have the right to formulate their own laws for gambling activities. Some states like Goa have legalized casinos. Common gambling activities such as organized betting are restricted, with the exception of certain categories such as lotteries and horse racing. Nowadays, sports betting has become a widely recognized source of entertainment around the world. It has spread to the point where contemporary operators offer bets on the entertainment industry and even political events in addition to betting on various sports. In Nagaland, the Gambling Prohibition and Online Gambling Regulation and Promotion of Online Gambling Act 2015 applies to the regulation of online gambling. According to this law, gambling refers to betting and betting on games of chance and excludes betting and betting on games of skill.

In addition, both betting and betting have been defined as the pocketing of money or virtual currency. The law also defines games of skill and gambling. The former includes “card-based games and action/virtual sports, adventure or mystery and calculus, strategy or quizzes,” while the latter refers to “games where chance trumps skill.” Games of skill are listed separately in Schedule A of the Act. Therefore, legal games in the state of Nagaland include chess, Sudoku, quiz, bridge, rummy, spades, binary options, poker, nap, solitaire, virtual golf, virtual combat, virtual racing, virtual wrestling, virtual fighting games, virtual adventure games, virtual mystery and detective games, virtual Monopoly games, virtual team selection games, virtual sports and virtual sports fantasy league games. In Delhi, gambling is prohibited, and the legislation that regulates gambling in the capital is the Delhi Public Gambling Act, 1955. Article 2 of this law prohibits games of chance other than betting or betting on horse races. According to Article 3, the penalty for owning or managing a gambling house is imprisonment, which may be up to 6 months, and a fine, which may be up to Rs 1,000. Ultimately, legal experts believe that digital sports betting sites are not illegal in India due to the lack of a comprehensive regulatory system or official government agencies. The Meghalaya Gambling Prevention Act 1970 is the basic law on gambling in the state of Meghalaya. According to Article 13 of this law, games of skill are legal. Article 2 defines gambling as “gambling or gambling for money, including betting and betting, in which a person intentionally exposes money to the risk or threat of accidental loss.” However, this definition explicitly excludes lotteries and betting on horse racing, making them legal.

The penalty for possession or management of fees for an ordinary casino house, as set out in section 3 of this legislation, is a fine of up to Rs 1,000 or six months` imprisonment. European gambling laws differ from country to country. The majority of European countries have banned online betting. However, there are countries like the UK that have introduced a structured regulatory system for gambling and made it legal. To this end, a Gambling Commission has been established and the provisions of the Gambling Act 2005 are intended to protect children and other vulnerable communities from the harms of gambling. Young people between the ages of 16 and 18 may simply play lotteries or participate in private or commercial betting, while those under 16 are not allowed to engage in gambling activities. Sports betting is allowed in Sikkim, Meghalaya and Nagaland. In Sikkim, the licence application is submitted to the Secretary of the Government of Sikkim (Department of Finance, Tax and Expenditure). After filing the form and filing fee of Rs 1,00,000, a provisional license will be issued, which will become a regular license after all license conditions are met. Similarly, in Meghalaya, a license application is made to the Commissioner of Taxes, the government of Meghalaya. The game of shooting arrows and the sale of tea tickets are regulated by the Meghalaya Arrow Shooting Ordinance and the Tea Ticket Sales Act 2018. In Nagaland, all games of skill are considered legal, and Section 7 of the Nagaland Online Gambling Prohibition and Promotion and Regulation of Online Games of Skill Act 2015 sets out the conditions for granting and terminating licenses to conduct such games.

Lotteries are one of the most traditional forms of gambling. State governments hold lotteries at regular intervals, and all of these states more or less legalize them. Lotteries are governed by the Lotteries Regulation Act 1998. According to section 2 (b) of the Act, the lottery can be defined as “a system, in any form and under any name, for the distribution of prizes by random draw or by chance to persons who participate in the odds of winning by purchasing tickets”. The central and state governments may make rules for the conduct of lotteries under this Act. The Public Gambling Act, 1867, is a hybrid version of the United Kingdom`s Gaming Act, 1845 and Ireland`s Betting Act, 1853. Section 1 of the Public Gaming Act of 1867 defines the “common gambling house” and the law provides for the punishment of the owner or occupant of the gambling house. This provision defines illegal forms of gambling.

Playing games involving cards, dice, tables or other gaming instruments is a criminal offence if these instruments are stored or played for the purpose of winnings. It sets penalties for gambling in public. In addition, anyone responsible for casinos will also be punished under this law. The penalties are as follows: Information Technology Act, 2000 – This law regulates cyber activities in India and does not contain information about gambling or betting. Therefore, this document was left to the courts for interpretation, but they refused to consider the issue. In addition, new legislation has recently been enacted for online gambling, the Sikkim Online Gambling Regulation Act 2008. Section 2(k) of this Act defined the term “online gambling” as any game in which a player participates and trades or bets via a telecommunications device and acquires a chance in the game or lottery. Some of the games that are legal are blackjack, pontoon, roulette, poker, casino bragging, etc. The state has legalized online sports betting in its jurisdiction and is allowed to those who get a license.

Those who wish to engage in online gambling can apply for a one-year license in accordance with the procedure and formalities set out in this 2021 law. In gambling, people have no idea what the outcome of the game is, while in betting, bets are made after evaluating the players` abilities. The two terms overlap in many ways. Gambling is considered more professional than betting. Examples of gambling include games such as poker, roulette, bingo, etc., while betting involves betting money on events such as horse racing, sports games, etc.